To be able to understand language effectively a child needs to be able to make sense of a range of grammatical elements.

  1. Use the lists below to check the child’s level. You are noting aspects of grammar the child can understand on a regular basis. A single example is not enough to count as achieved
 Level 1Level 2Level 3Level 4
Plurals‘s’ ending‘es’ ending‘ves’ endingirregular
Negativesnonotcan’t, won’t, don’tdidn’t, wouldn’t
PronounsI, me, you ithe, she, him, herwe, they, us, themyourself, itself, etc
Question Wordswhatwho, wherewhen, howwhy
Basic time conceptsagain, nowtoday, afteryesterday, always, beforetomorrow, sometimes, never
Joining words‘and’ with nouns‘and’ in phrasesbecause, butso, or, if, until

To develop the child’s understanding of grammar use the following graded activities.

Remember sequencing is an essential underpinning skill, particularly for grammar. Children with difficulties understanding grammar may also benefit from general sequencing work.

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Last updated: 22 October 2015

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